Views Of Abortion – A Simplified Understanding To An Unending Debate

By Janice Antoniette Förster | Last Updated February 15, 2013

To say that abortion is a controversial subject is an understatement. From the regular citizen up to a governing body’s higher echelons, the issue of abortion has either made or broken careers and lives.

Human fetus 10 weeks with amniotic sac therapeutic abortion

It may even be safely assumed that almost every country has at least broached the subject of abortion in one way or another. 1 However, since the first known practice up to the present, there has never been a worldwide consensus about it. We all know that there are three sides to this coin: pro-abortion, anti-abortion and the neutral. Let’s establish what we already know:

1. Clinical definition (How “neutrals” define it)

Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability. An abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is usually called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy. 2 

2. Anti-abortion’s take of Abortion
Abortion is the premeditated killing of an innocent, unborn human being.

Opponents of abortion rights argue that the embryo or fetus is a person, or at least that the government has a responsibility to ban abortion until it can prove that an embryo or fetus is not a person. Although opponents of abortion often frame their objections in religious terms, abortion is never mentioned in the Bible. 3

3. Pro-abortion’s take of Abortion
Supporters of abortion rights argue that the embryo or fetus is not a person, or at least that the government has no right to ban abortion unless it can prove that an embryo or fetus is a person.

What else is new, right? Three different perspectives to abortion, or could it simply be three ways we handle our differences in our culture? What is the problem? Where’s the conflict? Well, go back to the different “takes” and take note of the terminology used as they define their stand.

In the Neutral’s point-of-view, everything is clinical. You can see words like “fetus”, “embryo”, “miscarriage”, “termination”, “viability” etc.

In the Anti-abortion’s point-of-view, you can see words such as “unborn”, “innocent”, “killing”, and “person”.

The Pro-abortion’s point-of-view uses terminology similar to the Neutral’s (embryo, fetus, etc.) with the exception of the word “person”.

It becomes apparent that the word “person” would seem to be a good starting point of the conflict. At this point, let us forego with the Neutral point-of-view primarily because these are individuals who would rather be diplomatic about the whole affair but usually end up choosing the side that makes the loudest noise.

Let us define “Person”, shall we? Before we get carried away with trying to define it, which will lead us to talk about the philosophy of the word and consequently talk about personal identity and the philosophical principles of Determinism, Libertarianism, and Compatibilism 4, would it be right to say that a person is a human being? Would it then also apply that a human being is a person? Truth be told, it is this author’s opinion that no other animal or entity can be called a person except for a human being (If you see it differently, you’re welcome to use the comment box provided for you). With that as a foundation or common ground, let’s move on.

A person is a being, such as a human, that has certain capacities or attributes constituting personhood, which in turn is defined differently by different authors in different disciplines, and less formally by different cultures in different times and places. 5

It is also a fact that Human rights are commonly understood as “inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being.” Human rights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). These rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in both national and international law. 6

Therefore, since every person or human being is inherently entitled to human rights, it logically follows that a human fetus has the same right. In this light, do we need to state the fact that we have grossly abused the human rights of the innocent?

On the flip side, the pro-abortion or pro-choicers contend:

Regardless of whether a fetus is a human being or has rights, women will have abortions anyway, even if it means breaking the law or risking their lives. Even women who believe that abortion is murder have chosen to get abortions, and will continue to do so. That’s why we should leave the decision up to women’s moral conscience, and make sure that they are provided with safe, legal, accessible abortions. Because ultimately, the status of a fetus is a matter of subjective opinion, and the only opinion that counts is that of the pregnant woman. 7 

On the point of view that anti-abortion or anti-choicers have regarding a fetus as a human being, the pro-choicers have this to say about it:

Biology, medicine, law, philosophy, and theology have no consensus on the issue, and neither does society as a whole. There will never be a consensus because of the subjective and unscientific nature of the claim, so we must give the benefit of the doubt to women, who are indisputable human beings with rights. 8

On the issue of a fetus’ rights, the pro-choicers contend that there is no support for fetuses as legal persons in international human rights codes. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights says that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” Virtually all national constitutions do not treat fetuses as persons or citizens. American citizenship is limited to those “born or naturalized in the United States” (as per the 14th Amendment) and the word “Everyone” in the Canadian constitution has been deemed by the courts not to include fetuses.

Many, if not all, pro-choicers contend that:

If people want to stop abortion, they should turn to methods that do work. These include comprehensive sex education and safe, affordable contraceptives. Unfortunately, as illogical as it sounds, the people who are most against abortion are also often most against these preventative measures. If they truly wanted to reduce the number of abortions that occur, they would embrace these methods. 9 

Abortion Laws Around The World

Perhaps there will never be a definitive line between these two points of view. However, that doesn’t mean that there is no meeting-half-way effort as well. Take for instance The Faith and Reproductive Justice Leadership Institute. As of the 21st of March, 2012, they have started training left-leaning clergy to speak out for abortion rights. According to a press release from the Center for American Progress, the institute “will provide new and seasoned leaders with the resources they need to be effective faith advocates for women’s reproductive health.” Their argument is quite straight-forward. According to Sally Steenland, director of the Faith Initiative at the Center for American Progress, a progressive group that launched its Faith and Reproductive Justice Leadership Institute,

Religion does support a woman’s personal decision-making about whether she is ready to become a
parent. 10

On a side note, would it cause any harm if we regard the issue the same way we deal with other taboos such as death by stoning or decapitation legally practiced by some cultures? Those against the practice simply turn away and ignore what happened. When asked for their opinion, the default slogan is that they’re respecting the laws and traditions of the said culture. Everyone goes their merry way. Now, if only someone would post an actual video of an abortion on Youtube… I wonder.

Are you still Neutral?




Reactions

  1. i am really against abortion from the beginning though some people see it as an “escape”, especially those people afraid of responsibilities. though abortion is practiced and considered legal in some countries, it is still inappropriate for us to simply deprive someone the right to see the world. those babies are God’s blessings after all but still we cant just disregard the fact that people have differences some might think this is right when in fact it is really wrong, in reality we could never stop one from doing such things if the will of the person is really strong to do so, yes we can give opinions but at the end of the day it will still be up to that person if she would take it or not.

  2. I am for anti-abortion. Life is so precious to me and it shouldn’t be wasted. Doesn’t mean that abortion is considered because it is not mentioned in the bible. I’ve always admired these little people and abortion is not a way to treat a human being with you own flesh and blood. In china, they have a special restaurant that makes baby soup. little innocent baby girls being fed to other humans. because of that, i lost respect to the Chinese people. I hope these countries will realize the effect of what they are doing because i know that this will definitely lead to extinction of certain nationalities or worst, extinction of the human race. I still hope love and respect will be the basis of our living because in this way, we are put into a good life.

  3. This is a very informative blog. It tackles a very intriguing issue that we are facing today. My perspective about this issue hops around the corner of every visible fact that we are experiencing in this country; poverty, overpopulation and low income. Am I neutral? of course not. I have been pro abortion ever since this came out in public because in my own point of view, we must also be practical today. And besides, abortion also has it’s own standards. I mean, once a country approves this concept, it doesn’t mean that anyone can do it anytime.
    Anyway, again this blog is very informative and persuasive.

  4. i just can’t conclude that abortion is a cruel thing but since our family are religious and very devoted to our church then i am against abortion. and for me before someone should do things that will result to pregnancy then think twice and think for what is going to be happen.

  5. To say that fetuses are not human is a deliberate attack on their nature itself and to cut them off only deprives them of their ‘humanness”. Something can only be what it is. To become something, it must already be in one’s “substance”, in other words it must already be inherent in their nature to become what they are to be or what they are to be is already in them because of their inherent characteristics and capabilities which allows them to do so. For one to say that fetuses are not human deprives them of their humanness, which is what allows them to develop as fully grown human beings.Therefore to become what they are to be is already in them because of their capabilities and characteristics which allows them to develop into fully grown human beings. Moreover, even if there is a “prescribed stage” which serves as the gauge for humanness, killing the fetus will only prevent the unborn from reaching that stage, it’s as if you’re saying that “I must kill you before you develop into this because then I can’t kill you anymore.” It’s as if you’re treating fetuses as cancer cells which are to be killed before they spread and it’s as if you’re saying that development is such a bad thing because it only prevents you from doing certain things, when as a matter of fact development is one of the highlights of humanity, it is one of the things that gives us our “humanness”. Furthermore, abortion will only be used as a scapegoat for irresponsible sex and can be used as a gauge by how irresponsible the population is, which is damaging to the image of the state. Abortion only degrades human life and systematically discriminates the unborn.

  6. Thank you for the article.
    I am a pro abortion person.
    Assume that abortion was legal and delivering baby and pregnancy was illegal…
    And then there were a few simple requirements for pregnancy and delivering baby…
    Now what do you thinking?
    Does not our society the better place now ?

  7. i am against on aBORTION since then. we are not a creator of human life. it must be preserve every thing that GOD has created. we are all sons and daughters of God and it is our responsibility to take care his creation especially human life.

  8. i cant directly say that abortion is such a cruel thing but since our family is devoted to our religion then i am against it. I am against abortion in such a way that it may cause health problems to the victim so women should think first before entering such things that may lead to abortion. the article is a good reference for more information.

  9. Whatever happens. I still don’t like abortion. Just put your shoe on the life of the fetus that is being aborted or in short being killed. What can you do? – nothing. You’re harmless and weak. Let’s not think about the rights and the law of every fetus in the world. But let’s just think. Would you like to be aborted if you were in that womb? -of course not. Just think about it.
    @nickandjames

  10. This is a great article that informs us about what are the opinions on the 3 sides. I am anti-abortion, abortion is just like a life that cannot see the world anymore because it’s has been cut off. If someone wants to abort their infant in their uterus, they have to think about it. In the first place why do they have sex if they are not ready for the consequences after 9 months or just 3 months after knowing that girl is pregnant. In Genesis, it says be fruitful and multiply, what happens to multiply if you cut off a life of an unborn child. Life is sacred, it is a miracle and we are GOD’s creation.

  11. For me, I prefer to choose anti-abortion cause we as a human being we are very thankful for letting us experience how beautiful life is, especially we are created by God, same as the fetus in their mothers womb, we should let them experience what we experience nowadays, that life is to precious and not to be wasted, yet But then again we are only a human being we make a choose that sometimes we will regret it, but before you will do something think a thousand times if that will lead to good or bad, cause if we do one mistakes our whole life changes.

  12. As it is true that humans have the right to choose, there is also a question on the QUALITY of their choice.

    I have always strongly believed that personhood is intrinsic and being human begins at conception. I have read from medical sites like http://www.prolifephysicians.org/lifebegins.htm about the clinical definition of personhood and I strongly agree that the dependence of a fetus on another human being does not diminish his/her (not “its”) humanity or make his/her rights lesser than that of the mother.

    Instead of legalizing abortion, the government should focus on giving better healthcare, guaranteeing proper sex education for the appropriate audience, propagating and strengthening family values through media, and increasing job opportunities to keep people from resorting to becoming “sidewalk abortionists”.

    Even if “abortion enthusiasts” may point out that people will still get abortions whether it’s legal or not and that legalizing abortion will help ensure the safety and health of women, this will still condone the culture of sexual carelessness and promote a society of decaying values with little regard for the once-inviolable “life”.

    We should focus on catering to the rights of people – including AND especially the pre-born.

  13. If a person don’t want to have a baby then he/she must not engage to sex in the first place. Every child has the right to live and all life is sacred. Some families wishes to have babies but they had problems in producing one. But why do some people didn’t see the real value and importance of life? Life is so precious and wonderful. God didn’t give people the privilege to have babies just to be killed. Babies are God’s blessings that’s why I am not in favor of abortion. Nevertheless, this blog gave me more insights about the different views of abortion and thank you for giving me the opportunity to read an interesting article like this. ^_^

  14. Abortion, for me, is the same as murder. Though the child is not yet born, it already has a life and a future of its own. Whatever is the reason why a person would do abortion, it is still taking the right of that unborn child to live. if murder is illegal and labeled as crime, how is abortion any different from it? I always believe that everything happens for a reason, that every conceived child has a purpose and that every baby is God’s opinion that life should go on.

  15. i am strongly against abortion. i believe that the moment the egg is fertilized, there is life in that womb. In the first place, it is not the fetus’ fault, it is the fault of the male and the female involved in the sexual act. if they weren’t ready for such a responsibility then they shouldn’t have started doing it. Though there are some cases in which abortion is one of the options. For example, after several months of carrying the fetus in the womb a doctor has findings that the fetus has disabilities and/or abnormalities,the parents are given an option whether to abort the fetus or not. Most probably the parents would to chose to abort the fetus rather than to see their baby grow up with such disabilities and other children making fun of his/her appearance and/disabilities. Somehow,
    it would really depend on the situation. 🙂

  16. Abortion should not be the solution to whatever situation. abortion is simply taking the life of an innocent child. it is stealing the future of what life the child could have in the future. It is against God’s word to kill. This is not the solution, this is not something to cover the wrong thing a person did. you just can’t cover a wrong thing with another wrong thing. it will just become more and more complicated and difficult. maybe you can escape from the judgment of people but in the eyes of God, the one who does abortion will surely be in no doubt be judged.

  17. Abortion is really immoral. Aside from killing the fetus, you are also depriving the unborn child to experience life outside and to grow up. As a mother at 15, I thought of having the baby aborted because I’m not ready. But eventually, God did not allowed that to happen and so thankful for it, because I would not have an inspiration right now. Abortion is not the solution if you’re not ready, we know that. The solution is what you do to make things better. Just move on and accept your new role as a mother. Children are blessings, they make you learn many things. I pray that women all over the world would realize this so no more lives will be wasted. If the baby is there, so be it! God has purpose in everything.

    “All things work together for good…..”
    Romans 8:28

    • Ate moin! I agree with you 🙂 I also have cousins who had experienced to be teenage mothers. Despite the shame, the rumors, and all the backbites. She stood up,”pinannidigan niya” what she had commited. And I am proud of her. I pity those who lost their unborn child because of the fact that they’re still not ready.

  18. I am really against abortion. For me, abortion is taking away the life of a child. As a student nurse, I’ve already seen some cases of abortion. There was one case when the doctor was performing dilatation and curettage in a patient who had just just undergone incomplete abortion, I couldn’t stop thinking how a child’s life ended in that way. It is God’s gift to bear a child but I couldn’t understand why other women waste that kind of blessing from God. In the eyes of God, abortion is a sin. Even though abortion is a way for others to escape from their responsibility of taking care of their child, it is still wrong. Life is a precious gift from God and they must not take that away from a child.

  19. abortion is really against the will of our creator. every human being has no right to do any forms of taking the life of a living creature. Many people in this days are into this act because they thought that it could help them solve their problems, but it does not. Later on, their conscience attack them and tell what they have done but it was too late because they wasn’t stop by anyone. life is precious!

  20. abortion is really a very controversial topic. especially that most of us are Christians. it is really a very big issue. im actually anti-abortion but in our course, we cannot decide for our patients whether they wanted to have abortion or not, in special cases of course (example: if pregnancy has a threat to a mother’s health or condition or if a fetus has died inside the womb). as much as possible we discourage our patients to do an abortion if there are no complications. it is life that we are talking about. and if we think of the fetus’ future as a grown-up, there is much more than what he or she will deserve which is abortion…

    there was a friend of mine who told me a story about his neighbor who was being raped by her grandfather. that girl got pregnant and she didn’t abort the one that she’s carrying- which is equivalent to life.although i think she has a little regret, she delivered the baby well and is taking full responsibility of that kid. right now my friend said that she’s happy that she delivered the kid because she’s a gift from God.

    for me, contraceptives is not a form of abortion. how can it be an abortion if it is protecting the woman from getting pregnant? we have also to consider that this helps from minimizing or eradicating abortion especially with our society today that there are younger generations that are engaged to Pre-marital sex.

  21. I AM PRO-LIFE! Taking away a person’s life is just so stupid. Much more if that person, is an innocent one. I think, this is much more than murder or massacre! I mean, we all, have the right to live and experience life. Specially for those fetuses, who still haven’t experience how much more fun life could be. Seriously, is this how immoral people of this generation? Abortion is not a solution. It’s just merely making you more feel guilty! You created a life, and then why just end it?

  22. I am against induced abortion because this clearly deprives someone his/her right to live. But there are situations that abortion is needed or could be helpful. What if the mother is at risk with her own baby? She also has the right to choose whether to continue the pregnancy or not. I believe it is on the mother’s decision and/or conscience.

  23. Abortion I believe is a cruel gesture. It’s like taking away someone’s life deliberately! I strongly stand firm on the motion that abortion should be abolished. Unless needed, abortion is a crime against nature and God. Just imagine removing a life from history not knowing that in the distant future he could be a famous icon, a great politician! We as humans have to be pro life! It has to be part of our human nature to preserve and protect life! Live is a precious give given to us by the Omnipresent God. We have to cherish and make the most out of this wonderful gift. Abortion however, is not one. In the first place why chose to abort when in reality you chose to have the child? I’ll leave you with that! God bless! #16 (Hagedorn) 🙂

  24. When I hear the word abortion, I am more acquainted with it on the medical side of the coin because we don’t really talk about it that much in our Christian denomination and I learned more about it when we were already discussing it in our Mother and Child Nursing subject. After reading this, I could really say that there is still a clouded definition of what real abortion is. In my opinion, I think it is the intentions in our hearts that we should consider when we take sides. It is a fact that the fetus is living because it can do vital processes like a real person. For me, with the intention of killing the fetus inside and actually doint it just to get away with serious consequences that they might face is sinful because not did they just kill life but they had selfish intentions that makes me take the side of going anti-abortion. But due to the clouded and the opinionated definition of abortion, we must also remember that some abortions happen because the pregnancy has some complications that can be detrimental to the life of the mother and the fetus. It can be helpful because we are saving the life that is at stake. With the different beliefs on the different sides if this argument, the real thing still has a cloudy future ahead but I can really say that I am against abortion if it is for a selfish cause.

  25. I am a Christian. I am Pro-Life and I am AGAINST abortion. Abortion for me is an act against God. I mean, who are we to end an innocent baby’s life? I know teenage pregnancy is very rampant nowadays, but I don’t think abortion is the answer to this issue. Abortion is a very unmerciful act that would hunt you forever. Let us always put in mind that a baby is a blessing. Whatever the consequences that may come with it, we should always be grateful for the gift of life God has given to the baby. Yes, technology rises and our generation now have change, but I hope we will always incorporate our actions to what our conscience dictates and of course to what God taught us. Everything happens for a reason 🙂

  26. Every issue should be analyzed on a case to case basis because in this world, people have different views and people encounter this on different situations. I can say that i am in between or I am neutral because weighing things is difficult to do especially if this issue happens to me or to anyone else I know. there are so many different factors that will be weighed when it comes to this issue. Like what if the pregnant woman is a teen-ager? or A woman who doesn’t have a job?or a woman who will be disowned by parents? etc.. SO i guess that these women will opt for abortion to the main reason that they are scared. And on the other side, there are women who opt for abortion because they have a disease or they are having a high risk pregnancy? What i’m trying to say is that we should weighed things first.

  27. I am always against abortion. I believe that every one of us is given a life by God for us to live. Abortion, I think is such an unfair act of putting an end to a being inside the womb and not giving a chance for it to live out and see the world awaiting. It is so heartbreaking for me to think that many innocent beings are being killed already. As far as I have learned in my Christian values, we deserve to face whatever problems we encounter even if it can be really hard but we don’t deserve to end someone’s life.

  28. For me, it would be rude to abort a fetus without any valid reason (Except when it involves maternal life or when there is really a problem in the preganancy which will require abortion). But if it is used to escape what you have done, im for anti abortion. The fetus or we can say baby has nothing to do with things the parents have done, he/she is sinless no matter what the parents did. It is the parents responsibilities to take care of it.

  29. Before i’m not in favor of abortion but if you try to look at other countries it is over populated already. So abortion would be one of the solution but still it should not be abused by people.

  30. Looking into whatever angle, abortion is killing one’s unborn child. Mother’s may think that babies are God’s gift. Imagine if you were aborted, you probably wouldn’t be here by now. You are responsible of giving the baby a life, so live with it. Give those unborn child a chance to live a life you enjoyed and loved. Everybody deserve to live.

  31. One of the most common reasons why some women want to have an abortion is because they have the desire to delay childbearing because they themselves are young. But for me its not enough reason why you need to abort…
    why? because I don’t understand how someone can spread their legs and not be prepared for the consequences. if you are old enough to have S** you are old enough to know your responsibility of having a child..

  32. As a Christian I believe that from the moment of conception until natural death, each human being is endowed by God with dignity and rights. Therefore abortion is viewed as the murder of an innocent and defenseless human being.

  33. There many groups who has different views about abortion, and each has its own reasons to why they see or treat abortion that way so we cant really say who is right or wrong. But to me, what is important is prevention, if you cant take the responsibility of raising a kid then you should think twice about doing it. Think before you act.

  34. im not agree on abortion, this might be the biggest sin could a woman can make, usually abortion is made because unplanned teenage pregnancy these issue increases because of the curiosity of our teenagers now a days , as a christian this should be banned. this abortion is killing the freedom of the baby to live in this world.

  35. At the first place why engage in premarital-sex if you and your partner is not ready for it.
    I am for Anti Abortion. As a Christian I believe that abortion is already killing a human being and worst a defenseless one. We all have the right to live, just imagine if your mother had a plan on aborting you.
    What would you feel.? 🙂

  36. For me i am gainst abortion because it is an immoral act, and also as a christian it is unethical to abort a child, however theres a situation in life that we need to do even if it is against our will like for example if your wife is pregnant and she cant bare a child because she had a heart problem and the doctor said that if she pursue her pregnancy there’s a 90% chance that she will die and the only way to avoid it is to abort the child so even you don’t want to do it you have no other option but to abort it, so therefore i conclude that abortion is not also pure bad or pure evil because it depends on doing it. thank u!

  37. This article, mostly all christian is againts abortion, as a Christians killing for your own child is a very big sin..
    We must accept what GOD gave us, and specially a NEW BORN CHILD… NO TO ABORTION.

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